Tutankhamun: The Life and Death of a Pharaoh (DK Discovery Guides)
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Dramatic "eyewitness" accounts, vivid story-telling, stunning photographs, pull-out details and exploded views bring key historical events to life in this exciting new series.
TREASURES GOLDEN THRONE GUARDIAN STATUE Among the riches to be stored in the tomb were boxes of jewels and a golden-horned cow head representing the goddess Hathor. In the afterlife, the king would need symbols of his authority, so his golden throne accompanied him to the tomb. Two statues of the king were made to guard the entrance to the tomb’s burial chamber. UK “The courtiers of the royal household go in procession with the Osiris King Tutankhamun to the West. They cry: O King! Come in peace!
Death of Lord Carnarvon STOREROOM The annexe was only 4. 4 m (14 ft 3 in) long and 2. 6 m (8 ft 6 in) wide, but it contained over 2,000 objects. It was intended as a storeroom for oils, ointments, food, and wine. Haste and lack of space meant it was also used to store objects like the beds and chairs, which should have gone in the antechamber or treasury. Carnarvon’s SADLY, LORD CARNARVON did not death certificate live to see more than the first stages of the work in the tomb. In February 1923, he cut a mosquito bite on his face while shaving.
The dead man and his wife are ploughing and reaping in the “field of reeds”, a realm of the afterlife situated at the northern edge of the sky. Becoming an Osiris The magical rebirth of Osiris gave the Egyptians hope that they too could “become an Osiris” and live for ever in the afterlife. To achieve this, a dead person had to imitate Osiris in every way. Tutankhamun’s mummy was prepared with the arms crossed and holding the crook and flail, to make him look like Osiris. Osiris Tutankhamun Osiris bed Egyptian tombs sometimes contained an Osiris bed.
There they began the complicated process of embalming the body. While the lector priest read spells out loud, other priests carried out the first stage – cleaning the body with natron (a form of salt) dissolved in water. Scenes from a coffin The Egyptians did not leave many pictures of the embalming process. These rare scenes are taken from the painted coffin of Djedbastiufankh, who died in about 600 BC. Priests carry out the cleansing of the body, pouring natron and water over it again and again. From death to the funeral Herodotus wrote that the dead body was dried in natron for 70 days.
Discovery Series ABC Spreads 216mm x 276mm UK L I F E 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 FACT file When a Pharaoh was crowned, he was given a series of five names that made up his formal title. These are Tutankhamun’s names and titles: • The Horus name: Ka-nakht tut-mesut (Strong bull, best of all created beings) • The “He of the Two Ladies” name: Nefer-hepu segereh-tawy sehetep-netjeru nebu (Perfect law-maker, who calms the Two Lands and makes the gods content) • The golden falcon name: Wetjes-khau sehetep netjeru (He who displays the regalia, and makes the gods content) • The prenomen: Nebkheprure (The lordly appearance of the god Re) • The nomen: Tutankhamun (The living image of the god Amun) HOLDING COURT Tutankhamun would have held court seated beneath a canopy on his golden throne (see page 33) and holding the crook and flail.