The Viking World (Routledge Worlds)
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Filling a gap in the literature for an academically oriented volume on the Viking period, this unique book is a one-stop authoritative introduction to all the latest research in the field.
Bringing together today’s leading scholars, both established seniors and younger, cutting-edge academics, Stefan Brink and Neil Price have constructed the first single work to gather innovative research from a spectrum of disciplines (including archaeology, history, philology, comparative religion, numismatics and cultural geography) to create the most comprehensive Viking Age book of its kind ever attempted.
Consisting of longer articles providing overviews of important themes, supported by shorter papers focusing on material of particular interest, this comprehensive volume covers such wide-ranging topics as social institutions, spatial issues, the Viking Age economy, warfare, beliefs, language, voyages, and links with medieval and Christian Europe.
This original work, specifically oriented towards a university audience and the educated public, will have a self-evident place as an undergraduate course book and will be a standard work of reference for all those in the field.
To some extent there must have been a sentiment among people, chieftains and kings in the final decades of the Viking Age that a new era had begun. The lack of continuity not only in town and central places might indicate that kings had wanted to put a distance between themselves and the centres of the old society. The vast number of churches and clerical institutions in the major towns of the late Viking Age might indicate that this was the case. To move a town was after all not such a big undertaking; the investment in buildings and infrastructure was very low compared to the masonry churches, monasteries and castles which sprung up in towns in the centuries following the Viking Age.
A rectangular area without graves in the middle of the churchyard indicates the position of a church. The interpretation of a number of post-holes from a supposed wooden church has caused some problems. However, the most likely hypothesis is the following. The remains are probably from two churches, both of which had a narrow chancel. The first church had wall posts dug into the ground and arranged in pairs. It was succeeded by a church in the same position, but this second church had posts resting on stones dug partly into the earth.
Excavations to the south of the street in a block known as Professorn show that the plot structure was of the same kind on that side of the street. The most common town plots in Sigtuna 141 –– J o n a s R o s –– were c. 8 m wide and sometimes 30–40 m long, with as many as four or five buildings with different functions. At the rear of the plots there was a residential hall with a fireplace on the floor. Another building, with a household function, had a fireplace in one corner. There were also buildings for storage and multiple functions.
1990) Bækkegård and Glasergård. Two Cemeteries from the Late Iron Age on Bornholm, Copenhagen: Akademisk Forlag. —— (2003) ‘Manor and market at lake Tissø in the Sixth to the Eleventh Centuries: the Danish “productive” sites’, in T. Pestell and K. Ulmschneider (eds) Markets in Early Medieval Europe. Trading and ‘Productive’ Sites, 650–850, Bollington: Windgather Press. Jørgensen, L. and Nørgård Jørgensen, A. (1997) Nørre Sandegård Vest. A Cemetery from the 6th–8th Centuries on Bornholm, Copenhagen: Det Kongelige Nordiske Oldskriftselskab.
1997) ‘Viking Age rune-stones as a source for legal history’, in A. Dybdahl and J. Sandnes (eds) Nordiske middelalderlover (Senter for middelalderstudier. Skrifter 5), Trondheim. Sawyer, P. (1982) Kings and Vikings. Scandinavia and Europe ad 700–1100, London: Routledge. —— (1987) ‘The bloodfeud in fact and fiction’, in K. Hastrup and P. Meulengracht Sørensen (eds) Tradition og historieskrivning. Kilderne til Nordens ældste historie (Acta Jutlandica 63:2. Hum. Serie 61), Aarhus: Aarhus universitetsforlag. Schledermann, H.