Routledge Handbook of Regionalism & Federalism
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Almost all states are either federal or regionalized in some sense. It is difficult to find a state that is entirely unitary and the Routledge Handbook of Regionalism and Federalism necessarily takes in almost the entire world. Both federalism and regionalism have been subjects of a vast academic literature mainly from political science but sometimes also from history, economics, and geography. This cutting edge examination seeks to evaluate the two types of state organization from the perspective of political science producing a work that is analytical rather than simply descriptive.
The Handbook presents some of the latest theoretical reflections on regionalism and federalism and then moves on to discuss cases of both regionalism and federalism in key countries chosen from the world’s macro-regions. Assembling this wide range of case studies allows the book to present a general picture of current trends in territorial governance. The final chapters then examine failed federations such as Czechoslovakia and examples of transnational regionalism - the EU, NAFTA and the African Union.
Covering evolving forms of federalism and regionalism in all parts of the world and featuring a comprehensive range of case studies by leading international scholars this work will be an essential reference source for all students and scholars of international politics, comparative politics and international relations.
2: 111–21. Massetti, E. (2009) Political Strategy and Ideological Adaptation in Regionalist Parties in Western Europe, unpublished DPhil thesis, University of Sussex. Meguid, B. (2008) Party Competition between Unequals: Strategies and Electoral Fortunes in Western Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Mitchell, J. (2009) Devolution in the United Kingdom (Manchester: Manchester University Press). Moon, D. and Ø. Bratberg (2010) ‘Conceptualizing the Multi-Level Party: Two Complementary Approaches’, Politics Vol.
What is striking about all these cases of modern federations and union states, nevertheless, is that the nation-state model is retained with the ‘national’ dimension being represented at the federal or union level, where the representative assembly and government are responsible for those affairs that concern the nation as a whole – war, diplomacy, internal security and national economic development – while the component entities of the state are responsible for those affairs dealt with most appropriately at that level – mainly education, health, social welfare, local government, etc.
Deschouwer, K. (2003) ‘Political Parties in Multi-layered Systems’, European Urban and Regional Studies Vol. 10/3: 213–26. ——(2005) ‘The Unintended Consequences of Consociational Federalism: The Case of Belgium’, in I. O’Flynn and D. Russell (eds) Power Sharing: New Challenges for Divided Societies (London and Ann Arbor: Pluto Press), 92–106. ——(2006) ‘Political Parties as Multi-level Organizations’, in R. Katz and W. Crotty (eds) Handbook of Party Politics (London: Sage). ——(2009) ‘The Rise and Fall of the Belgian Regionalist Parties’, Regional & Federal Studies Vol.
13th–17th centuries), which was a group of cities engaged in trade from the North Sea to the Baltic. Underlying this great variety of political forms was a Christian religious culture which was shared by all of the protagonists of mediaeval Europe. All of Western and most of Central Europe were united under the religious system of Catholic Christianity. The East (the Russian lands and most of what we now call the Balkans) was also Christian but following the Byzantine Orthodox traditions and the division between the two was consolidated by the Great Schism of 1054.
Among the most relevant aspects of this fourth explanatory dimension are the access to government at state-wide and sub-state levels, variations in electoral strength between different arenas and the impact of SNRPs on competitive dynamics. All of these factors will have an impact on internal power balances between the central party and regional branches. Quite often, parties in government at the state-wide level have seen a diminishing role of the regional party ‘barons’ inside their party organizations.