New Contributions to the Philosophy of History (Methodos Series)

Daniel Little

Language: English

Pages: 240

ISBN: 9400733097

Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub


Insights developed in the past two decades by philosophers of the social sciences can serve to enrich the challenging intellectual tasks of conceptualizing, investigating, and representing the human past. Likewise, intimate engagement with the writings of

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Nobody Passes: Rejecting the Rules of Gender and Conformity

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Culture Of Honor: The Psychology Of Violence In The South (New Directions in Social Psychology)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wiebe Bijker makes the case for the social construction of mundane technologies such as bicycles in Of Bicycles, Bakelites, and Bulbs: Toward a Theory of Sociotechnical Change (Bijker, 1997; Bijker et al. , 1987). And automobile historian Gijs Moms argues in The Electric Vehicle: Technology and Expectations in the Automobile Age (Mom, 2004) that the choice between electric and internal combustion vehicles in the early twentieth century turned on aesthetic and lifestyle preferences rather than technical or economic efficiency.

7. 1. 1 Explanation in Economic History . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 1. 2 Problems of Evidence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 2 Aspects of China’s Rural Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 2. 1 Agricultural History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 2. 2 Assessment of Available Sources of Data . . . . . . . 7. 3 Population History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 3. 1 The Eurasia Project on Population and Family History 7. 4 Comparative Economic History . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 4. 1 Scale and Scope of Comparison . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 4. 2 Alternative Pathways of Development in Europe and Asia .

2. 3. 3 History, Memory, and Narrative—Recent China . . . 2. 3. 4 Age Cohorts and Historical Experience . . . . . . . 2. 3. 5 Maps and Narratives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 11 14 15 17 19 23 26 28 31 32 34 36 37 3 Historical Concepts and Social Ontology . . . . . . . . . 3. 1 Ontology and Explanation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 1. 1 Things . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 1. 2 Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 2 Concepts and Kinds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 2. 1 Historical Ontology of the French Revolution . 3. 2. 2 A Tabulation of Historical Ontology .

8. 3. 5 Real Wages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. 3. 6 Productivity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. 3. 7 Distributive Consequences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. 3. 8 Conclusion on Brandt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. 4 A Puzzle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. 5 Import for Chinese Studies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 171 173 176 176 178 178 179 181 182 183 184 186 186 187 189 190 191 191 192 9 Mentalités . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. 1 Mentalités in Historical Inquiry . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. 2 Components of a Mentalité .

1007/978-90-481-9410-0_3, C Springer Science+Business Media B. V. 2010 41 42 3 Historical Concepts and Social Ontology These are all questions of social ontology. And they are unavoidable questions if we are to have a coherent conception of historical knowledge. When we ask “Why do revolutions commonly occur in agrarian settings? ” or “Why do capitalist economies suffer periodic crises? ”, we imply that there are such things as revolutions or capitalist economies, and that there are multiple instances that constitute a significant group or type of social occurrence.

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